Glossary of Terms

Defining Scholarships

The word scholarships is shorthand for a number of different strategies that funders use to support students, professionals, institutions in increasing access to educational and professional attainment. The list below comprises the most common forms of support strategies used by change-oriented scholarship funders, and represent search filters available on the Funding Map.

Awards, Prizes, and Competitions: Artists’ awards, prizes, competitions, housing, living space, work space and other prizes.

Camperships: Partial or full tuition subsidies to enable participants who would not otherwise be financially able to participate in fee-based camping programs.

Fellowships: Support for fellowships at institutions, usually universities but there are exceptions, such as think tanks and other policy organizations.

Internships: Awards for paid or unpaid positions providing work-experience, on-the-job training, and/or school credit. These positions can provide research or job services to organizations and serve as recruitment tools for employers, and can provide opportunities for interns to explore career possibilities, gain experience, and find permanent employment.

Residencies: Nonmonetary award usually of short duration, usually only for artists of all disciplines to further their creative work. Meals, living quarters, equipment, and studio space may be provided.

Sabbaticals: Support to take long-term but temporary leave, sometimes awarded as an employee benefit. Sabbaticals commonly last from 2 months to a year and can be used for rest, writing, research, or reflection.

Scholarships: Support to an individual or educational institution or organization to support a scholarship program, including for students at the primary, undergraduate, and graduate level.

Student Aid: Includes a variety of supports including stipends for non-tuition expenses to defray the costs of education, work-study programs, and technical education support.

Travel Awards: Awards to individuals to cover transportation and/or out-of-town living expenses while attending a conference or completing a period of study or special project. Enrollment in a college or university is not a requirement.

Defining Change

At their core, all scholarship grants aim to enact change in the lives of individual recipients: through access to education, resources, and powerful networks. Some scholarships, however, leverage their programs to impact society in a broader way, aiming to change whole institutions, industries, and specific communities through these awards. The list below comprises the most frequent types of transformative outcomes that change-oriented funders are working toward, and represents search filters available on the Funding Map.

Community Engagement/Community Service: Creating pathways for youth to make a contribution to their local community through volunteer service projects or other forms of engagement that instill an ethos of giving back.

Developing Tomorrow’s Leaders: Increasing next generation leadership capacity through support for programs designed to train people to become effective leaders on a national or local level, through civic engagement, and in a variety of fields.

Economic Advancement for Economically Disadvantaged People: Increasing opportunity for low-income people by mitigating the achievement gap, increasing access to higher education and college completion through need-based scholarships, access to mentoring, and support networks.

Economic Development/Regional Improvement: Strengthening the health and prosperity of communities, improving the quality of life for all, including through community revitalization efforts; a “home country” focus, “brain drain” abatement efforts, urban, rural, and sustainable economic development programs; “innovation hubs” designed to improve or develop commercial and industrial enterprises within communities; and services to enhance, improve, and protect the workforce and promote employment.

Gender Advancement: Increased gender equity in higher education to improve outcomes for specific gendered populations. Includes support for women’s colleges, increased black male achievement, and support for non-binary people.

Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion: Increased representation in higher education of under-represented populations leading to more equitable access to higher education.

Industry/Workforce Improvement: Increasing professional pipeline and improving workforce for a particular industry or field, such as addressing nursing shortages through support for nursing scholarships, or to diversify the pipeline of technology professionals through scholarship support.

Institutional Improvement: Strengthening a specific academic institution through efforts to increase enrollment or diversify the student body.